THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON EMPLOYMENT
Recently there are a lot of discussions on how much technology is transforming the labor market at all levels, and how it is more efficient than humans in some tasks by increasing productivity and reducing labor costs, thereby generating economic growth. A lot of automation, digitization, Artificial Intelligence (AI) and robotics are cited. And this evolution is suffered by both employers and workers.
All this technological evolution has a high implication in how the production processes and work structures are changing. Some tasks are ceased to exist, above all those more repetitive and whose functions can be replaced by machines, but also and as a consequence new positions that require new skills by workers are starting to appear.
As automation has made work tasks to be simpler and therefore those that are most affected by digital transformation, are those with repetitive routines. However, the truth is that lately, progress is also being made in the digitalization of non-routine intellectual and this is above all what keeps the debate open about what effects these changes will generate on employment, how many positions that will be removed and what new positions which will appear.
At the moment the positions that are disappearing most notably are the most basic, and the new positions that appear are of medium qualification. We also see that tasks based on social relationships are the most difficult to automate.
With all this, we should not see the digitalization as a threat to the existed occupations, but as an opportunity for our work quality improvement, and provision to organize our maximum potential by spending more time to those tasks that they truly add value to our work.
We are in a moment of change, in which we must learn to adapt and develop new capabilities that are now fundamental. Among the skills of the most valued workers in the digital era are, flexibility and adaptation to change, the search and analysis of information, the resolution of problems and the organization of information.
And the main problem of all this transformation is that the evolution in the world of work advances much faster than the evolution in terms of education. The new generations are not trained enough to acquire the new skills demanded by the market, so it is essential that greater coordination is conducted between the educational community and the labor community.
Moreover, the works have not stopped evolving throughout the history. For this reason, these skills must be encouraged, and above all the importance of continuing to learn throughout our lives to be able to successfully face this constant transformation that we live has to be transmitted.
If we really want to achieve maximum performance within organizations, it is necessary that evolution occurs for tools and processes, as well as workers and their skills. In conclusion, that companies and educational communities go hand in hand in the rise of technology.